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Excavations at the Royal Residence of Arshakuni, Armenia

There are nearly 60 hills at the graveyard of Verin Naver and excavations will begin in a couple of days.

The graveyard was discovered 35 years ago and occupies over 100 hectares area in Ashtarak region. In 1976, the expedition of "Historical Cultural Heritage" scientific research center excavated here. There are a number of graveyards near these areas, including Agarak archaeological site, Aghtamir fortress, the royal graveyard of Aghtsk and Nerkin Naver archaeological site where an enormous temple complex related to the old Aryan ritual was discovered.

The graveyard of Verin Naver "This could not be by chance. This area was probably a holy place which later became an Armenian royal residence. This was the Arshakuni's royal residence where members of the royal family lived and were buried here," said director of the "Historical Cultural Heritage" scientific research center Hakob Simonyan.

The head of the expedition noted that they are not only excavating to obtain archaeological materials, but to discover ancient civilizations and have serious recompilations. One of the main recompilations, according to him, was that Karmirberdyan culture of the Mid-Bronze Age was set aside as one of the most ancient cultures in South Caucasus.

Excabations begin at the graveyard of Verin Naver The center's director sets aside a part of the graveyard and calls it the late Bronze Age. "We can say that these are mainly the royal graves and date back to 15-14th centuries B.C.," said the expert, adding that the opened graveyards are mainly robbed, but even after the robbery the findings show that there were elegant and luxurious funerals here.

"We have found a bronze statuette with a golden color, as well as many symbolic findings, including teeth of lions that were sacrificed. There are also human sacrifices, especially youth and bodyguards. There is an enormous amount of animals that were sacrificed, especially bulls, horses, pigs, sheep and there were also skins of beasts such as lions, wolves, foxes and dogs," he said.

According to Hakob Simonyan, the people living here were definitely Indo-Europeans and proof of that are the sacrifices of bulls and horses and the fact that the graveyards were engraved in tuff rock. According to Indo-European mindset, they did everything to make sure the body didn't touch the holy land to not destroy it.

"Here I have clearly noted that the graveyards were oriented by the sunrise and that shows the priests' knowledge of astrology," said the archaeologist, adding that all graveyards are foreseen for one person.

The findings have mainly been transferred to the History Museum of Armenia where they will showcased in the fall.

Source: Alpus


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